Theology for Kids: What is a Church?

What is a Church?

When people talk about church, we might think of the building we meet in on Sundays. But that is not the church. The Church is the people who have been forgiven of their sins and who love the Lord Jesus Christ. These people who are all around the world meet with groups of other Christians, and these are called churches.

The Bible has lots of different names for the Church. Let’s looks at two different ways the Bible describes the church. Sometimes it is called a “Body” (Rom. 12:4-8; 1 Cor. 12:12-31). It is called a body because people in the church need each other and because they need to be led by the Head of the body (Col. 1:19). Another word is a “bride” (Eph. 5:25-27; Rev. 19:7-9). The church is a bride because the Lord Jesus Christ loves the church, leads the church and cares for the church.


The Church is a body
For as in one body we have many members, and the members do not all have the same function, so we, though many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness. Romans 12:4-8
The Church is a bride
Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory,
for the marriage of the Lamb has come,
and his Bride has made herself ready; it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure—for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints. And the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God” Revelation 19:7-9

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